Essay kafka metamorphosis

Kafka’s Metamorphosis: Transformations in Gregor’s Family Essay

The name "Gregor Samsa" appears to derive partly from literary works Kafka had read. Sacher-Masoch wrote Venus in Furs , a novel whose hero assumes the name Gregor at one point.

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Free Essays from Bartleby | Section 28 June 12, The Metamorphosis Franz Kafka is well- known writer and poet, who influences his readers in many ways. In the Metamorphosis, Franz Kafka transforms the main character, Gregor Samsa, into a bug. Furthermore, Kafka wrote this book shortly after the Industrial Revolution.      Gregor Samsa is a traveling salesman who brings in most of the income for his entire.

A "Venus in furs" literally recurs in The Metamorphosis in the picture that Gregor Samsa has hung on his bedroom wall. Grete is Gregor's younger sister, who becomes his caretaker after his metamorphosis. Initially Grete and Gregor have a close relationship, but this quickly fades.

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While Grete initially volunteers to feed him and clean his room, she grows increasingly impatient with the burden and begins to leave his room in disarray out of spite. Her initial decision to take care of Gregor may have come from a desire to contribute and be useful to the family, since she becomes angry and upset when the mother cleans his room, and it is made clear that Grete is disgusted by Gregor; she could not enter Gregor's room without opening the window first because of the nausea he caused her, and leaves without doing anything if Gregor is in plain sight.

She plays the violin and dreams of going to the conservatory, a dream Gregor had intended to make happen; Gregor had planned on making the announcement on Christmas Day.

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To help provide an income for the family after Gregor's transformation, she starts working as a salesgirl. Grete is also the first to suggest getting rid of Gregor, which causes Gregor to plan his own death. At the end of the story, Grete's parents realize that she has become beautiful and full-figured and decide to consider finding her a husband.

Samsa is Gregor's father.

Franz Kafka's Metamorphosis

Copying content is not allowed on this website Ask a professional writer to help you with your text Ask Writer For Help or. Thus, it is ironic that Kafka changes Gregor into one of the lowest land-forms when, in reality, he is shown as the most thoughtful and nicest family member. Type: Essay, 4 pages Subject: Existentialism. Topics Franz Kafka. The family however isn't able to view Gregor as a human being in his new form.

After the metamorphosis, he is forced to return to work in order to support the family financially. His attitude towards his son is harsh; he regards the transformed Gregor with disgust and possibly even fear, and he attacks him on several occasions. Samsa is Grete and Gregor's mother. She is initially shocked at Gregor's transformation; however, she wants to enter his room. This proves too much for her, thus giving rise to a conflict between her maternal impulse and sympathy, and her fear and revulsion at Gregor's new form.

Franz Kafka – Metamorphosis – plot analysis

The Charwoman is an old lady who is employed by the Samsa family to help take care of their household duties. Apart from Grete and her father, she is the only person who is in close contact with Gregor. She is the one who notices that Gregor has died and disposes of his body. Like most Kafka works, The Metamorphosis tends to entail the use of a religious Max Brod or psychological interpretation by most of its interpreters. Besides the psychological approach, interpretations focusing on sociological aspects which see the Samsa family as a portrayal of general social circumstances, have gained a large following as well.

Vladimir Nabokov rejected such interpretations, noting that they do not live up to Kafka's art.

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He instead chose an interpretation guided by the artistic detail but categorically excluded any and all attempts at deciphering a symbolic or allegoric level of meaning. Arguing against the popular father complex theory, he observed that it is the sister, more so than the father, who should be considered the cruelest person in the story, as she is the one backstabbing Gregor.

As the central narrative theme he makes out the artist's struggle for existence in a society replete with philistines that destroys him step by step. Contrast and uniformity, style and the depicted, portrayal and fable are seamlessly intertwined. In , Nina Pelikan Straus wrote a feminist interpretation of Metamorphosis, bringing to the forefront the transformation of the main character Gregor's sister, Grete, and foregrounding the family and, particularly, younger sister's transformation in the story. Traditionally, critics of Metamorphosis have underplayed the fact that the story is not only about Gregor but also his family and especially, Grete's metamorphosis as it is mainly Grete, woman, daughter, sister, on whom the social and psychoanalytic resonances of the text depend.

In , Gerhard Rieck pointed out that Gregor and his sister Grete form a pair, which is typical for many of Kafka's texts: It is made up of one passive, rather austere person and another active, more libidinal person. The appearance of figures with such almost irreconcilable personalities who form couples in Kafka's works has been evident since he wrote his short story Description of a Struggle e. They also appear in The Judgement Georg and his friend in Russia , in all three of his novels e.

The Metamorphosis full audiobook with rolling text - by Franz Kafka

Robinson and Delamarche in Amerika as well as in his short stories A Country Doctor the country doctor and the groom and A Hunger Artist the hunger artist and the panther. Rieck views these pairs as parts of one single person hence the similarity between the names Gregor and Grete , and in the final analysis as the two determining components of the author's personality. Not only in Kafka's life but also in his oeuvre does Rieck see the description of a fight between these two parts.

Reiner Stach argued in that no elucidating comments were needed to illustrate the story and that it was convincing by itself, self-contained, even absolute. He believes that there is no doubt the story would have been admitted to the canon of world literature even if we had known nothing about its author.

Reduced to carrying out his professional responsibilities, anxious to guarantee his advancement and vexed with the fear of making commercial mistakes, he is the creature of a functionalistic professional life. In , Ralf Sudau took the view that particular attention should be paid to the motifs of self-abnegation and disregard for reality. Gregor's earlier behavior was characterized by self-renunciation and his pride in being able to provide a secure and leisured existence for his family.

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When he finds himself in a situation where he himself is in need of attention and assistance and in danger of becoming a parasite, he doesn't want to admit this new role to himself and be disappointed by the treatment he receives from his family, which is becoming more and more careless and even hostile over time. Sudau p. Beicken, Sokel, Sautermeister and Schwarz. According to them, the narrative is a metaphor for the suffering resulting from leprosy, an escape into the disease or a symptom onset, an image of an existence which is defaced by the career, or a revealing staging which cracks the veneer and superficiality of everyday circumstances and exposes its cruel essence. He further notes that Kafka's representational style is on one hand characterized by an idiosyncratic interpenetration of realism and fantasy, a worldly mind, rationality and clarity of observation, and on the other hand by folly, outlandishness and fallacy.

He also points to the grotesque and tragicomical, silent film-like elements.

The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka Essay

Fernando Bermejo-Rubio argued that the story is often viewed unjustly as inconclusive. He derives his interpretative approach from the fact that the descriptions of Gregor and his family environment in The Metamorphosis contradict each other.

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Diametrically opposed versions exist of Gregor's back, his voice, of whether he is ill or already undergoing the metamorphosis, whether he is dreaming or not, which treatment he deserves, of his moral point of view false accusations made by Grete and whether his family is blameless or not. Bermejo-Rubio emphasizes that Kafka ordered in that there should be no illustration of Gregor. He argues that it is exactly this absence of a visual narrator that is essential for Kafka's project, for he who depicts Gregor would stylize himself as an omniscient narrator.

Another reason why Kafka opposed such an illustration is that the reader should not be biased in any way before his reading process was getting under way. You're covered. Other critics point to Kafka's readings of Sigmund Freud, Karl Marx, and Friedrich Nietzsche as a way into the complex philosophical themes of this warped little fairy tale.

Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis

Gregor's conflict with his father and the dream-like quality of the story is seen as a nod to both Freud's analysis of dreams and the Oedipal complex. A Marxist would read Gregor's inability to work as a protest against the dehumanizing and self-alienating effects of working in a capitalistic society.

Heavy stuff indeed for a story about a cockroach who likes to slurp putrid waste and hang upside down from the ceiling. No matter how you analyze this creeptastic carnival of a book, you'll set it down with a feeling that is equal parts horror and deep amazement. Think of what would happen if the deadpan insanity of Clickhole was fused with one of Cronenberg 's more twisted movies It's not often that we a get our sincerity on or b let another writer in the driver's seat when we're talking about why you should care about a work of literature.

We're the world's biggest lit nerds—you should see our tats. But, real talk: The Metamorphosis is probably the best example of alienation made symbolic in literature. A dude wakes up as a bug. He's insignificant. He's disgusting. But he still has a human brain—right? He's still himself—right? But we'll let Zadie Smith take the reins here, because she's got a diamond-brilliant point:.

What is Femaleness? Although the author meant this tale to be symbolic of the. An Analysis of the Structure of "The Metamorphosis" The structure of Franz Kafka's "Metamorphosis" establishes it as a kind of inverted, adult fairy-tale, in which regression rather than progression of forms occurs, good goes unrewarded and unappreciated, and evil triumphs.

The story, of course, is satirical in concept, but the satire is felt chiefly because of the way in which the story stands the concept of the "fairy-tale" on its head. Gregor, who in a child's story, might progress from bug. One of the saddest aspects of Franz Kafka's novella, The Metamorphosis, concerns the fact that young Gregor Samsa genuinely cares about this family, working hard to support them, even though they do little for themselves.

On the surface, Kafka's novella, seems to be just a tale of Gregor morphing into a cockroach, but, a closer reading with Marx and Engels economic theories in mind, reveals an imposing metaphor that gives the improbable story a great deal of relevance to the structure of. His bizarre and tragic story takes place in a European apartment in the early twentieth century; a time in which much stock was placed in both etiquette and the appearance of propriety. These standards found throughout the society in which he is placed leads to his ultimate downfall.

When Gregor wakes up in his bed to find he has become an. Each family member has characteristics separating them from society.